Artificial Stone

In the realm of construction, materials play a pivotal role in shaping the structural and aesthetic aspects of buildings. One such material that has gained prominence in recent years is artificial stone, also known as casted stone. In this informative blog post, we will delve into the world of artificial stone, exploring its composition, applications, and various types. Additionally, we’ll touch on the importance of using artificial stone in construction when natural stone proves costly or less durable.

Understanding Artificial Stone

Artificial stone is crafted from a blend of cement, sand, and natural aggregates like crushed stone. What sets it apart is its versatility in terms of surface textures and colors. To achieve specific hues, pigments can be added, provided they do not exceed 15% of the volume. This flexibility allows for the creation of intricate and highly detailed forms, making it a favored choice in construction. Moreover, artificial stone can be reinforced to enhance its strength, all while remaining cost-effective and easy to cast.

Artificial Stone Mix Ratio

The basic mix ratio for artificial stone typically consists of cement and aggregate in a 1:3 proportion.

When to Choose Artificial Stone

Artificial stone finds its place in construction when the goal is to strike a balance between cost-effectiveness and durability. It steps in where natural stone may not be the most practical option.

Exploring Types of Artificial Stones

Let’s take a closer look at different types of artificial stones, their constituent materials, and their applications:

1. Ransom Stone

Also known as chemical stone, Ransom Stone boasts a minimum compression strength of 32 MPa. It is created by blending silica soda with cement, resulting in an exquisite and ornamental flooring material.

2. Concrete Block

Concrete blocks are used for constructing various elements in buildings, including steps, window sills, and piers. They are cast on-site, ensuring they fit seamlessly into the construction project.

3. Artificial Marble

Artificial marble is crafted from Portland gypsum cement and sand, utilizing either precast or cast in situ techniques. The precast method involves stripping the marble from the mold after three days, followed by treatment with liquid fluorite of magnesia solution at five days. This process ensures a polished finish after 30 days. In the in-situ construction method, a prepared mixture is applied to a canvas with a thickness exceeding the required thickness of the stone. The surface is meticulously rubbed and polished.

4. Bituminous Stone

Bituminous stone is produced by impregnating granite and diorite with refined tar. Its key functions include providing wear resistance, noise reduction, and dust resistance on stone surfaces.

5. Victoria Stone

Victoria stone is a granite piece that undergoes a unique hardening process by submerging it in silica soda for two months. This treatment enhances its durability, making it ideal for various construction applications.

6. Garlic Stone

Garlic stone serves as surface drains and flagstones, created by mixing and casting Portland cement and iron slag. Its distinct composition gives it the strength and resilience needed for its intended purposes.

7. Imperial Stone

The production of imperial artificial stone involves meticulously washing finely crushed granite, mixing it with Portland cement, casting the mixture into desired forms, and subjecting it to a 24-hour steam curing process.

By exploring the world of artificial stone, we gain insight into the diverse range of options available in construction. These materials not only offer durability and cost-effectiveness but also provide a canvas for architectural creativity. Whether it’s the elegance of artificial marble or the sturdiness of concrete blocks, artificial stone has become a cornerstone in modern construction.

Incorporating these artificial stones into your construction projects can open up a world of possibilities, allowing you to achieve both structural integrity and aesthetic appeal. The choice of which type of artificial stone to use ultimately depends on the specific requirements of your project, but rest assured, there’s a suitable option for every need.

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